Histo-Epidemiology of Kidney Cancer in Cameroon: About 110 Cases

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Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang
Beyeme Sala
Celestin Fonkwa
Yoan Ligan
Bruno Djougmo Djimeli
Godefroy Simo
André Moune
Amadou Fewou
Jean Louis Oyono Essame
Alan Hasigov
Aleksandre Ephiev

Abstract

Objectives: To describe the epidemiological and histopathological aspects of kidney cancer in Cameroon.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective study on malignant tumors of the kidney examined in the anatomical pathology laboratories of five regions (Center, Littoral, West, South-west and North-west), over a period of 12 years (2004-2015). The studied parameters were: frequency, age, sex, histological type.

Results: A total of 110 cases of kidney cancer were collected, representing 8.55% of malignant urogenital tumors. The mean age of patients was 28.72±24.79 years (extremes: 4 months - 76 years). Females are relatively more affected than males (56 cases, 50.91%), with female-to-male ratio of 1.04:1. A total of 58 (52.73%) cases of renal cell carcinomas (RCC), 46 (41.82%) cases of nephroblastomas (NB) and 3 (2.73%) of soft tissue tumors were identified.

Conclusion: Kidney cancer is the third urogenital cancer in Cameroon characterized by a relative female predominance with renal cell carcinoma as the predominant histological type.

 

Keywords:
Cancer, kidney, epidemiology, histopathology, Cameroon

Article Details

How to Cite
Paul Ndamba Engbang, J., Sala, B., Fonkwa, C., Ligan, Y., Djougmo Djimeli, B., Simo, G., Moune, A., Fewou, A., Louis Oyono Essame, J., Hasigov, A., & Ephiev, A. (2016). Histo-Epidemiology of Kidney Cancer in Cameroon: About 110 Cases. Journal of Cancer and Tumor International, 5(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/JCTI/2017/30063
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Original Research Article