Epidemiomorphology of Prostate Cancer in Cameroon: About 1047 Cases
Journal of Cancer and Tumor International,
Objective: To determine the epidemiological and histological profile of prostate cancer in Cameroon.
Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive and retrospective study over a period of 12 years (2004-2015), concerning prostate cancers in five regions (Center, Littoral, West, North-west South-west). The studied parameters were frequency, age, PSA, histological type and Gleason score.
Results: We collected 1047 prostate cancers, which represented 81.42% of all urogenital cancers. The average age was 66.88 ± 9.58 years (range 32–98 years). The most affected age group was 60-79 years (736 cases), however, 3.15% (33 cases) were under 50 years. Histologically, we found a predominance of adenocarcinoma with 1044 cases (99.71%). Moderately differentiated tumors (Gleason score 7-8) represented the majority 56.56% (590 cases) of cases.
Conclusion: Prostate cancers are the predominant malignant uro-genital tumors in Cameroon. We noted the significant presence of relatively young men. Adenocarcinoma is still the main histological type. Moderately differentiated tumors are the most common.
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